The vaccine delivered to the dog on time will preserve not only its health, but also prevent a number of diseases in the household. In addition, having spent some time and money on a preventive injection, the owner will protect himself from possible big expenses in the future if the pet suddenly “catches” the infection. In order for the dog to be vaccinated successfully and only have a positive effect on the animal’s body, you need to know when and what vaccine to put, and properly prepare your pet for the procedure.
Why vaccination is needed
The vaccine helps the dog develop immunity to a specific infection. It contains fragments of an infectious agent, which, getting into a living organism, causes a corresponding reaction in the form of antibody production. Subsequently, if a pet encounters a similar infection invasion, it will not become ill or the disease will pass in a mild form.
Dangerous diseases of dogs against which vaccination is carried out:
enteritis (parvovirus, coronavirus);
There are also vaccines for lichen, trichophytosis, microsporia.
Types of Dog Vaccines
Nobivak preparations for dogs prevent the development of the most common viruses
Based on the active component, vaccines for dogs are divided into attenuated and inactivated. The first are pathogens that are capable of reproduction. However, due to their weakness, they cannot cause the disease itself, but only stimulate the production of antibodies. The inactivated variant is represented by dead microbes. Such vaccinations have a slow and short-term effect, so they need to be reinstalled.
In addition, distinguish between single and multivalent vaccines. In the first case, the composition includes antigens of only one infectious agent. An example of such vaccines are: Biovac-D, Multican-1, EPM, Primodog, Kanivak-CH, Rabizin. The composition of polyvalent drugs includes several infections. These include: Multican-4 (6.8), Nobivak, Heksakanivak, Vangard-7 and others. Polyshtammny drugs, as a rule, do not put puppies, as they too burden the immune system.
Vaccines can be of domestic and foreign origin. Among the Russian drugs have proven themselves: Hexacanivac, Multican, Wakderm, Polivak. Among the “foreigners” stand out: Nobivak, Eurikan, Vangard, Hexadog. Each of the drugs has its own characteristics and patterns of administration.
Dog vaccination up to one year old
You can start vaccinating your puppy from the age of 1.5 months. At this time, vaccination against dermatomycosis, plague and parvovirus enteritis is allowed. However, most often preventive measures begin when the puppy is 2-2.5 months old.
In general terms, the vaccination schedule is as follows:
complex vaccination against infectious diseases (enteritis, hepatitis, leptospirosis, plague, parainfluenza);
after 3-4 weeks, a comprehensive booster vaccine against infectious diseases and rabies vaccination;
after 3-4 months, revaccination against rabies and re-vaccination against infectious diseases is carried out;
later vaccinations are given once a year.
When to start vaccinating – the veterinarian decides after examining the puppy. Weakened and sick dogs need a respite. If the pet is healthy, and taking into account that disease prevention begins at 2 months, the vaccination schedule for dogs up to one year old will look like this.
Dogs older than one year are supposed to be vaccinated annually: injections are given once at regular intervals. It is allowed to vaccinate four-legged friends from infectious diseases once every 2 or 3 years, however, rabies vaccination should be given strictly after 12 months.
If the dog is old or old, the decision about whether to inject or not is made based on its state of health. The vaccine can provoke an exacerbation of chronic pet diseases and weaken the immune system even more. Again, a rabies vaccine should be given anyway. According to the current legislation, the owner cannot refuse it.