Severe stress in a dog, and even more so if it is repeated repeatedly, can lead to a nervous breakdown, the development of mental and somatic diseases. Depending on the individual characteristics of the pet, the environment and other factors, even insignificant, from the point of view of people, moments can become stressful situations. It can be moving, leaving the animal at the time of the owner’s departure from other people, a thunderstorm, the hum of an airplane, even children’s voiced voices on the street. To maintain the health of the dog and mitigate the situation, sedatives will help.
The following changes in pet behavior can talk about stress:
eating fast food (especially if the pet usually eats slowly);
refusal of food;
unwillingness to go for a walk;
indifference to what is happening around, apathy;
sleep disturbances (at night the dog often gets up, walks around the house, tossing and turning, and so on);
the pet often howls;
trembling appears in the limbs;
the animal is looking for a place to hide, clogging “in the corner.”
These and many other symptoms require owner intervention.
Groups of drugs to calm the dog
Ideally, the owner should consult a veterinarian if the above symptoms appear repeatedly. The veterinarian will definitely prescribe a sedative, based on the characteristics of the dog. Medications have a sufficient number of contraindications and side effects (even of plant origin), so you should not select them yourself. Based on the state of health, age, body weight of the pet, the doctor will select the best option for drug treatment, tell you how long to take, and set the maximum dosage. This is especially important, since sedatives come in different groups.
Sedatives for dogs belonging to this group exhibit sedative and hypnotic effects, eliminate convulsions. They are shown if the pet has severe fear and anxiety. As a rule, they quickly relieve symptoms, but the effect of the reception also disappears quickly.
Benzodiazepines can not be used often – the animal can get used to them. In addition, they can only be appointed by a specialist. An example of sedatives in this group is Diazepam, which copes with epileptic seizures, but because of the strong influence on the nervous system, it is used only in extreme situations.
Means of this group are distinguished by a milder effect on the body. An example is Spitomin. The drug does not cause drowsiness, effectively eliminates anxiety, helps with various phobias, as well as urinary incontinence caused by fear. The medicine can be given to the dog for 1-1.5 months. Spitomin is often used for small breeds.
Tricyclic antidepressant drugs
The causeless aggression of the dog against the background of panic and fear is a reason for the appointment of sedatives related to tricyclic antidepressants. Due to possible side effects, the veterinarian prescribes these medicines after making sure that there are no contraindications.
This group includes, for example, drugs such as Klomikalm, Amitriptyline. The course is quite long (up to 35 days), since the effect becomes noticeable only by the third week of admission, as the active component accumulates in the body of the pet. Periodically, you need to do a blood test – these drugs suppress hematopoietic processes in the bone marrow; the owner also needs to be prepared for the likelihood of a “side effect”: most often there is a refusal to eat and increased thirst. Tricyclic antidepressants begin to give the pet with a small dosage, gradually bringing it to the optimum.
Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors
The dog should systematically take medications of this group. They are considered safe for the health of the pet, but can lead to disturbances in the digestive tract. Most often prescribed drugs such as Fontex, Solax. Indications for use: panic, intolerance and fear of loneliness, aggression, anxiety.
General narcotic and muscle relaxants
Drugs of this group are used to calm dogs infrequently. They act on the central nervous system of the animal, eliminating pain, relaxing muscle tissue. These are powerful drugs that are used mainly in the clinic to prevent or eliminate negative reactions from the dog to stress, for example, for medical procedures and interventions. Such depressants, if misused, can provoke the death of a dog, so most of them are sold in specialized stores or by prescription.