Heat and dog. Memo to the dog breeder
Summer heat is a dangerous time for our four-legged pets. Dogs do not tolerate heat well enough, so a good owner should take care of his pet.
Dogs do not sweat, therefore, when overheated, it is quite difficult for them to lower their body temperature. Thermoregulation in them is carried out exclusively due to rapid breathing, therefore, in extreme heat, the dog is at serious risk of heat stroke.
It should be remembered that it is most difficult for dogs with flattened muzzles (pugs, bulldogs) to have an altered nasal passage. And of course, how the dog tolerates heat depends on the age, type of coat and health status of the dog.
Food: Do not overfeed the dog in the heat. Reduce the amount of feed. Replace high-calorie and heavy foods with lighter ones. Reschedule dinner late in the evening. For an adult animal, feeding can be reduced to 1 time per day (in the evening)
Water: provide your dog with constant access to water. put another bowl next to the meta where the dog spends the most time. Check that the bowl is not empty during the day. Change the water more often, as it quickly heats up even in the shade and bacteria quickly spread in it.
Walking: Avoid direct sunlight. Try to walk in the shade. Reschedule your pet walks at a very early or very late time – the sooner (later), the better.
If nevertheless there is a need for a day walk, walk your pet in the shade and not more than 15 minutes. If you still had to leave the house for a long time with the dog, be sure to take a bottle of water for a walk to periodically moisten the belly and hips of the pet, as well as give a drink.
At home: do not lock the dog in an unventilated or stuffy, hot room. Keep your bathroom doors open – often there, on the tiled floor, dogs find salvation. If you have a fan or air conditioning at home – leave it on at low power, if you leave your dog at home, going to work.
Leaving: It is not recommended to cut long-haired dogs. Their hair, on the contrary, serves as protection against sunlight. But combing the undercoat will be very appropriate.
Rides: Try to move the time of the trip with the dog to the coolest time. For a long drive, make stops so that your dog can drink and walk a bit.
How not to harm the dog in the heat?
you should not put on a tight muzzle on the dog, as this “accessory” makes breathing difficult;
Do not throw the dog into water bodies, as a sharp change in temperature can lead to a shock state or provoke diseases of internal organs and joints. If the dog itself wants to swim, do not interfere with it. If the dog does not have such a desire, just bring it to the water’s edge and moisten the pet’s paws, stomach and hips;
categorically it is impossible even for a short time to leave the dog in a locked car or in a stuffy, unventilated room;
you can’t cut the dog for a short time, as the animal’s hair “works” according to the principle of free Bedouin robes, not allowing the body to overheat under the scorching sun. It is possible to shorten the coat for hygienic reasons, leaving a length of 5-7 cm (contrary to general misconception, short-haired and hairless dogs suffer from heat much more than their long-haired counterparts);
Do not allow the dog to lie under a direct stream of cold air: by fans, air conditioners (including in the car);
you can not make the dog move a lot, performing exercises related to overcoming obstacles, jumping, running. If the dog herself wants to frolic – most likely, she feels quite comfortable. If the dog is sluggish, inactive, limit the exercise to walking in the shade.
How to understand that a dog is hot?
the dog often breathes, opening its mouth and sticking out its tongue
the next stage – becomes lethargic, inactive, refuses to go, does not respond to commands
if measures are not taken in time, the dog’s breathing becomes shallow, the pulse is threadlike, the mucous membranes become scarlet or, conversely, pale (like the whites of the eyes)
How to cool a dog?
The animal’s body cools well by wetting with water the pads of the fingers, chest, abdomen and groin. Once again: do not bathe the dog completely if she does not want to!
What to do if a dog overheats?
gently lay the dog on its side;
wet paws, occipital protuberance, stomach with cool water;
cover with wet towels;
measure the body temperature, if it is above 39.5 degrees – continue to cool the dog, wrapping it with cold wet towels until the temperature drops to 38.5-39;
if the dog faints, wrap it in a towel dipped in cold water and immediately bring it to the veterinarian (heat or sunstroke can lead to the death of the animal if it is not urgently provided with qualified medical care);
even if the dog did not lose consciousness, but you noticed symptoms of heat stroke, it is still necessary to show the veterinarian as soon as possible: the consequences may occur later if measures are not taken.