How to determine rabies in dogs?
Outbreaks of rabies epidemic claim the lives of many animals each year. Unfortunately, those who live in home and sterile conditions are also in danger.
In some cases, rabies in dogs manifests symptoms too late. However, most often the disease is not difficult to recognize if you understand the basics of its symptoms.
Consider how to identify a disease in a pet and what should be done to prevent it.
Causes of infection (route of infection)
The disease causes a neutrotropic virus that affects the nervous system. At the same time, immune cells are not able to block the effect on the spinal cord and brain exerted by the virus, since their response does not go beyond the circulatory system.
The carriers of the virus are infected warm-blooded animals (foxes, raccoons, rats, cats, dogs, etc.) that can transmit rabies by:
saliva caught in a microcrack on the skin of a healthy dog.
Pets are at risk:
living near a forest or field;
in contact with stray animals;
having a small age.
On average, the incubation duration takes 1-3 months. It depends on the age and volume of the virus that has entered the body. So in puppies, the first symptoms are recorded already on the 5-7th day, and in some adults, individuals are not noticeable for a whole year. In this case, the saliva of the pet is dangerous for 5-10 days after infection.
Please note that the disease is not only dangerous for other dogs, but also for humans.
Symptoms depend on the form of the course of the disease, divided into:
The most common form of rabies lasting 5-11 days. An infected pet goes through 3 stages:
Prodromal. It lasts 1-3 days. The dog has:
Behavior change. The animal either falls into apathy or exhibits excessive affection. Please note that the behavior, as a rule, is reversed to the ordinary.
Lack of oxygen. The pet often yawns, opening its mouth and trying to capture the air. There are problems with swallowing, so saliva flows out of the mouth.
Anxiety. The animal is scared from any extraneous sounds.
Photophobia. The dog is clogged in dark corners.
Manic. Duration coincides with the initial stage. The following symptoms appear:
Aggression. The pet is dangerous even for the owner.
Excessive force of grasping movements. A mad dog is dangerous not only for those around him, but also for himself. Jaws do not stand and break.
Silent attack. The animal does not give warning signals (barking, growling) before biting.
Laryngeal paralysis. The voice is changing. The pet wheezes and howls.
Increased salivation, accompanied by foam.
Mood swings. The riot subsides, giving way to depression, but returns with any stimulus.
Interest in inedible objects and fear of water associated with the inability to swallow it.
Painful convulsions. Rolling of reddened and sore eyes is noted.
Paralytic. The last stage lasts no more than a week:
The body is exhausted, the voice disappears.
The tongue falls out of the sagging lower jaw.
Aggression recedes, laryngeal paralysis progresses. Paws are also paralyzed.
The animal has a coma with a gradual failure of the internal organs. Death occurs after the cessation of breathing or cardiac arrest.
Unlike the first form, this development option assumes the absence of aggression. The disease lasts 3-5 days and includes the following signs of rabies in dogs:
constant lethargy while maintaining appetite;
eating inedible items;
the occurrence of cough;
the appearance of problems with swallowing and salivation;
sagging jaw and difficulty walking, resulting from the development of paralysis.
In a sick dog, acute symptoms alternate with temporary remission. Each time the attack manifests itself more strongly and ultimately kills the pet.
Please note that even with an improvement lasting more than a week, the animal is still waiting for a fatal outcome.
Dangerous form, different from the classic. The symptoms that appear are similar to gastroenteritis:
lack of appetite;
Such rabies develops slowly (3-6 months). Atypical rabies is not characterized by abrupt changes in state as in violent form.
The form is rare. The progression of the disease comes to naught, and the animal is recovering. The reason for this phenomenon has not yet been identified by scientists.
Summarizing the foregoing, we highlight the general signs of the disease:
thinness, accompanied by protruding ribs,
disheveled wool and hanging skin;
turbidity and redness of the eyes;