Shedding in dogs
Owners of dogs of various breeds inevitably encounter molting. This is a completely natural process, taking place most noticeably in long-haired pets. Of course, no one likes shreds of wool spreading around the apartment and sticking to clothes, but it is impossible to prevent the dog from molting. It turns out that in this way animals react to changing seasons. If the molt of the dog has an off-season lingering character, it can become an indicator of the disease. We hope that our article will help you survive this period with minimal losses, properly care for the dog during molting and thereby make life easier for your pet. Having renewed, the wool will again become shiny and beautiful, and during walks your pet will attract admiring glances of passers-by.
Twice a year, in spring and autumn, the dog’s coat is renewed naturally. This process is directly related to the health of the animal, its immunity and well-being. If the hair glistens in the sun – this is an excellent indicator, but if it is dull and not silky – then you need to pay special attention to the body of the pet.
The main functions of the dog’s coat:
protects the skin of the animal from the external penetration of various types of parasites, fleas, ticks;
does not allow the development of infectious diseases;
protects from aggressive weather conditions: snow, rain, wind.
At the same time, a beautiful coat is responsible for the attractive appearance and grooming of the dog. This pet wants to be ironed as often as possible, which improves the mood on both sides and promotes closer tactile contact.
What is the difference between spring and autumn molt?
In the autumn molting period, summer wool is replaced and a new, thicker and warmer, with undercoat, is grown to warm in winter. The duration of autumn molt is more prolonged than spring, although the hair in this period is much shorter. The pet can visually increase in volume, become soft and gentle to the touch.
Spring molting in dogs begins after the end of frost. There is a discharge of warm undercoat and thick wool, the skins are being updated for the summer period. Duration of molting in the spring is short-term, although for the hosts it is much more difficult to tolerate. Excessive hair loss spoils the mood of the residents of the apartment, polluting clothes, furniture and floors.
When does the first molt in dogs begin?
Puppies older than 6 months are physiologically ready to shed their hair. However, the first molt depends not on the date of birth, but on seasonal conditions and the general health of the dog.
How long does a molt of dogs last?
Natural seasonal molting occurs within 7-14 days. At this time, it is worth taking increased care of the pet. You will have to clean the house much more often than usual, since the ubiquitous wool will constantly appear. Through careful combing or the services of a dog hairdresser, you can facilitate this period for yourself and your four-legged friend.
Please note that a dog living in an apartment can molt throughout the year. Her body is not tuned to natural cycles, so any change in the environment can provoke hair loss. In some females, hair loss begins during estrus or during childbirth.
Abundant hair loss of a pet for a long time serves as a serious reason for checking the state of canine health. The fact is that the wool does not immediately signal internal diseases, since hair growth is slow. Any changes in the appearance of the dog are visible a month after the complications, which is why it is worth paying special attention to the shine of the coat during moulting in dogs. In his absence, you should immediately contact a veterinary clinic.
When should I go to the veterinarian?
A long molt of a dog should be troubling if:
wool falls out in shreds
looks untidy and dull
the structure and density of the cover changes,
hair growth slows down.
Why does a dog molt for a very long time?
Continuous molting in a dog can be associated with various factors. One of the common causes of canine baldness is an allergic reaction to foods, water, indoor or outdoor plants. The weakening of the hair follicles may also occur due to stress caused by parting with the owner, changing the place of residence, or undergoing surgery. Bathing too often can also cause molting. Shampoo is able to wash away the protective fat layer important for health. In this case, the hair follicles begin to weaken, and the hairs fall out.
The following causes also cause prolonged molting in dogs:
lack of sufficient vitamins, essential microelements in food, individually unbalanced food;
hormonal disorder (characterized by uniform, constant hair loss)