How to cut a dog
Every dog, whether it is an exquisite decorative baby or a formidable giant dog, needs to take care of its coat. A shiny, neat, sleek “fur coat” is not only a reflection of the animal’s good health, but also evidence that the owner treats his pet with love and care. Dog grooming is a mandatory procedure, without which the pet will never look comme il faut, however, its features and frequency vary depending on the breed of the pet and the type of coat. Most owners, armed with special grooming tools, prefer to cut the dog at home. Four-armed “stars” of the world of cynology, participants in exhibitions and championships, luxurious model haircuts are usually created by professionals, unless the enthusiastic owners themselves learn this rather complicated craft.
Trimmed and combed Yorkshire Terrier
For dog grooming types, there are two basic definitions: hygienic and model. The first is required for all pets. It includes cutting or trimming overgrown hair on the face, ears, beard, if any, between the fingers and the pads of the paws, in the genital area.
Hygienic also includes cutting the entire body of the dog, necessary or desirable in some cases. Among them – a strong confusion of the coat, numerous mats on all parts of the animal’s body, dermatitis, fleas, increased secretion of the sebaceous glands.
Hygienic procedure, as a rule, ends with clipping.
Dogs with a coat with undercoat, such as shepherd dogs, husky dogs, chow-chow, spitz, sheltie, samoyed, are shown only an infrequent hygienic haircut. At the same time, radical shortening of the coat, and even more so shaving, is unacceptable for them, since in this case the natural mechanism of thermoregulation is violated, which allows the animal not to freeze in winter and not to suffer from heat in summer. In addition, in dogs with a long undercoat, after radical cutting, hair growth can noticeably slow down and even their pathological loss can begin.
Dogs whose coat does not have an undercoat, and especially dogs that are distinguished by fast-growing hair (Yorkshire terriers, spaniels, poodles, bichons), need frequent hygienic haircuts (at least one procedure every two months), as well as shortening the hair throughout hull (to avoid the formation of tangles), and on the face. In the spring, you need to radically cut off the hair on the stomach and legs of the animal to protect against ticks.
Model dog grooming involves a certain set and sequence of operations:
klipperverk – cutting out certain parts of the body naked;
show trim – creating a hairstyle that meets the breed standard;
flatwack – alignment of falling hair in length;
blending – thinning of wool of different lengths, smoothing the transitions from long to shorter, that is, milling, giving volume.
Of course, it is worthwhile to entrust the model grooming of show-class dogs to a professional groomer, because at the championships and exhibitions every detail is important in the appearance of the animal. However, each caring and imaginative owner who does not take the trouble to take a grooming course, which is relatively inexpensive, can give his thoroughbred pet an elegant look, basically meeting the standard. Even in Moscow, the price of obtaining basic knowledge in the field of dog grooming is quite affordable – from 20,000 rubles. Given that groomer services in the salon and at home will cost from 1,500 rubles per procedure, the savings are obvious.
Dogs often do not like the manipulation of their hair, the sounds of a working clipper, the vibrations it creates. Dogs can growl, grin their teeth and even bite. However, if your pet from early childhood will be accustomed to the fact that combing and cutting are not scary at all, but quite tolerable and even pleasant procedures, he will not object to them.
The puppy is first accustomed to combing: place a doggie on a stable surface and carry out a hair comb several times, affectionately saying “comb”, then awarded a treat and let go run for fun. After the baby gets used to this procedure, it is already possible to arm yourself with scissors and imitate a haircut, cutting off tiny fragments of hairs. This action can be accompanied, for example, with the word “haircut” and also complete with refreshments.
So that the puppy is not afraid of the sounds of a hair dryer and a hair clipper, try to make it so that for starters it is just present in the room where you yourself will blow dry your hair. Realizing that an electric device is not a terrible beast, the dog will quickly get used to the shaving procedure.