Dog Walking Rules
A dog in the house is a joy for every animal lover and his family members. But you should be aware that caring for a pet is accompanied by responsibility to society and the law. Today, often in yards, parks, on beaches and playgrounds, you can see dogs, even of very impressive sizes, that freely run in the wild without muzzles. It is only natural that this dangerous neighborhood causes the majority of citizens anxiety and indignation. And they can be easily understood, because even a well-educated four-legged family favorite, kind, gentle, obedient in the walls of a house, can behave unpredictably on the street. The dog is able to show sudden aggression caused by a random sharp movement of a passerby, an unusual smell, the unexpected appearance of a cat and other factors. This applies to all breeds, and especially those that are potentially dangerous to humans.
What the legislation says
Dog walking rules are governed mainly by a separate article of the Federal Law of Russia on Responsible Animal Care, in force since 2012, several amendments to its text that entered into force on 01.01.2018, as well as the Code of Administrative Offenses of the Russian Federation (Code of Administrative Offenses) and the Civil Code . There is no universal law on the rules for walking dogs at the federal level, which in practice leads to the fact that some rules are blurred, and if you need to interpret them, you need to turn to lawyers. In our article, we will introduce legislative norms, as amended, and pay attention to some nuances.
Going for a walk with his pet, the owner must provide him with standard safety accessories – a muzzle, a leash. The owner is responsible for protecting surrounding citizens, other animals, other people’s property from possible encroachment by his dog.
A muzzle is not required when walking puppies who have not reached the age of three months, dogs of decorative breeds whose height at the withers does not exceed 25 cm. They can move freely, without a leash, if the owner considers that it is safe for themselves.
It is allowed not to put on a dog’s muzzle, but to use only a leash (but short, and in strict order!), If the route to the place of walking runs through the carriageway, playgrounds or sports grounds, the adjacent territory. The permission does not apply to dogs of fighting breeds, dangerous breeds (their list has been developed by the legislator, but not yet approved), as well as large pets whose weight exceeds 15 kg.
The collar or bridle should be tagged with information about the owner’s contact information and dog registration information.
The owners are charged with maintaining cleanliness in the area where the animal is walking. To do this, you can use special packages for the disposal of dog excrement, bags, containers and other things, or immediately remove the stool in any convenient way. Compliance with the requirement of cleaning for the dog should not lead to a violation of sanitary and epidemiological rules prohibiting the disposal of animal excrement by throwing them in street bins. Universal for this purpose, dog-boxes are not yet very common in cities of the Russian Federation.
Free walking dogs are allowed. Without a muzzle and a collar, a dog can run on a training site, in a specially designated place (there are not so many of them in Russian cities), in fenced areas, within wastelands, in the forest.
It is forbidden to walk with your pet in a 30-meter zone adjacent to playgrounds, entrances to apartment buildings, medical and educational institutions, cultural and sports facilities, and crowded places. Under the ban – walking the four-footed in cemeteries, swimming in the area of public city beaches.
Dogs are not allowed to be walked by citizens under the influence of alcohol or drugs. It is forbidden to independently go for a walk with pets to children whose age has not reached 12-14 years (depending on the dog’s belonging to a particular breed, its size).
You can freely walk the dog at any time of the day, but from 23:00 to 07:00 the owner needs to remember the rules of silence.
The implementation of part of the rules should be regulated by regional legislative acts. So, local authorities, guided by the provisions of the article of the law, should determine for themselves the specific corners where it is forbidden, or, conversely, allowed to walk with dogs. Range areas should be marked with information signs. The local authorities may also be responsible for formulating requirements for the owner when transporting a pet by public transport to the place of walking. Carrying, a leash, a muzzle, a collar, including a strict one (depending on the type of transport, the size of the animal) may be required. The regional authority can also determine the monetary equivalent of certain types of fines.