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How to understand a puppy?

Good owners understand their dog without words, but in order to learn this, you need to form a trusting relationship with your pet from an early age.

Even the smallest puppy comes to you with a certain experience and a certain model of behavior that may not suit you. And to get rid of his “bad habits”, it takes a long patient work and knowledge of the basics.

HOW TO UNDERSTAND THE DOG?
The character of the pet is composed of genotype, temperament, previous experience, learning ability, and each dog, of course, is unique. Therefore, it is impossible to determine some general scheme for raising a puppy.

Raising a puppy is a long and complicated process, and only you can determine if your pet is in order. Unfortunately, the dog cannot tell where it hurts, so to understand that something is wrong with her is possible only by her behavior or body language. It is through actions and movements that the puppy expresses its needs, desires and emotions.

WHAT CAN BE A SIGN OF PUPPY DISEASE?
To understand at what point your puppy needs your help and attention, you need to know how your puppy behaves when he is in perfect order. A healthy pet is always ready for communication and responds to your attention: he meets you, brings toys, wags his tail, barks, runs with pleasure with a walk, constantly moves and studies something.

It is worth worrying about the puppy’s health, if he is sluggish, does not come out to meet you, lies, walks slowly with his head, ears and tail bowed, whines, and he needs to be pulled out into the street with effort. Pay attention to the following symptoms:

Whining, trembling, forced hunched posture, hind legs weakness can be caused by pain.

If the puppy refuses to walk, quickly gets tired and lies down, breathes heavily with his forepaws apart, then heart or respiratory system diseases should be suspected.

If the dog constantly shakes his head, rubs his face on the surface, scratches his ears, licks himself, nibbles his paws, this can be caused by itching.

WHAT ELSE INFLUENCES THE PUPPY’S BEHAVIOR?
Body language depends not only on the health of the animal, but also on its mood, and on the realization of its needs. And if you are sure that your puppy is healthy, but behaves unusually, perhaps this is due to psychological reasons.

“Bad habits” can be different: a puppy nibbles things of the owner, howls alone, shows cowardice, picks up and eats garbage on the street. However, most often all of them are caused by previous experience, lack of physical and emotional stress and weakness of the dog’s nervous system.

To prevent this, do not create situations for the manifestation of bad habits: do not let the dog become overexcited, turn attention to yourself, always occupy your puppy with new activities.

HOW TO UNDERSTAND WHAT THE PUPPY FEELS
For harmonious communication with the dog and its own safety, it is necessary to know its behavioral characteristics, which can be read in body language:

Fear and panic. The puppy rushes from side to side, shies, clogs under the sofa, trembles, whines. His body is hunched, his ears are pressed, his tail is pressed to the body. Such animals often run away from the owners, bite, make puddles of fear.

Uncontrolled fear and panic in a puppy are a sign of hereditary weakness of the nervous system. This behavior is difficult to change, and thoroughbred dogs with this type of nervous activity are often excluded from breeding, as they are socially dangerous.

Cowardice. The puppy is frightened of unfamiliar objects, often runs away and hides, tightens its tail and ears, presses its body and legs to the ground. It is adequate and comes in contact with a person, but it can bite.

Caution. The puppy is tense, sniffs, looks around, quietly steps on its paws, head and neck are stretched forward, ears and tail are slightly lowered, limbs are bent.

Depression. The puppy is not active, does not play, does not meet the owner, moves slowly. Head, ears and tail are down.

Satisfaction. Usually this condition occurs in a puppy after an active walk and feeding. As a rule, the puppy goes to his favorite place, he is relaxed, squinting his eyes, head, ears and tail are raised, he lies down and watches the owner.

Friendliness. The main, well-known symptom is a wagging tail. At the same time, the head and ears are raised, the trunk and limbs are somewhat tense, the jaws are ajar, and the puppy seems to be smiling.

Interest. The puppy is quite active, sniffs, needs attention. His head and tail are elongated, his ears are raised. When the dog is in this mood, it’s good to let it learn new things.

Willingness to work. There is only you in the puppy’s life. He is ready to listen to the owner and execute commands. His attention is riveted to you, his head and ears are raised, his tail is taut and elongated, his legs are unbent and a little tense.

Emotion. The dog steps over, fusses, sometimes begins to breathe with his mouth open, sniffs, moves his ears, wags his tail, muscles are tense.

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